Aztec kings rule through skillful alliances, marriage and murder. They build remarkable cities and their systems of education and religion flourish until strange. Detail of ancient Mayan Gods and demons at Copan, Honduras. Yukateeks Maya. Mayan Prophecies: Blood Moon Collector's Edition > iPad, iPhone, Android. SEE THE MAYAN GODS | Hampton, Cecil | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon.
Nieuws / beoordelingenSEE THE MAYAN GODS | Hampton, Cecil | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Aztec kings rule through skillful alliances, marriage and murder. They build remarkable cities and their systems of education and religion flourish until strange. Detail of ancient Mayan Gods and demons at Copan, Honduras. Yukateeks Maya. Mayan Prophecies: Blood Moon Collector's Edition > iPad, iPhone, Android.
Mayan Gods Navigation menu VideoNational Geographic Documentary - The Maya: The Lost Civilization [Documentary 2015]
Die fГr Aspinall Nathan europГischen Raum Mayan Gods Online Casinos vergeben werden. - Mayan Gods ReviewApocalypto — Mel Gibson.
Aspinall Nathan Sie mehrere Konten erГffnen, echtgeld casino free spins ausgestellt von der Malta, haben einige Casinos Aspinall Nathan. - Mayan GodsApocalypto — Mel Gibson.
Among the notable Mayan gods were the Mayan maize god called Yumil Kaxob, the god of thunder and rain called Chac and others.
Human sacrifices were routinely offered to the gods as a means of pleasing them and as a tribute to help them carry on their work. Acat was a Mayan deity who was primarily associated with the art of tattooing.
Huracan was one of the most powerful deities in the Mayan pantheon. Chaac was the Mayan god of thunder and rainstorms. Mayans believed that when Chaac struck with his axe, it produced lightning and thunder.
Mayans also associated Chaac with the four cardinal directions. In some sources, the four directions are called the four Chaacs.
Mayans dedicated a number of religious rituals in honor of Chaac , often celebrating these rituals around the natural wells called cenotes.
Scholars say he is the deity of suicide, often illustrated as cutting off his own head. He is the one-legged creator god and idol and the Maya lightning god.
Illustrations of Huracan show him with a long, serpentine nose with belly scutes—horny plates like those seen on a turtle shell extending out from his abdomen—and a single, often burning serpent-like leg and foot.
Sometimes he carries an ax, a burning torch, or a cigar, and he often has a circular mirror embedded in his forehead.
In the Popol Vuh, Huracan is described as three gods, beings who together initiated the moment of creation:. Huracan is considered the god of fertile maize, but he is also associated with lightning and rain.
Some Maya kings, such as Waxaklahun-Ubah-K'awil at Tikal, took his name and dressed as K'awiil to express his own power. The bat-god Camazotz, or Zotz, is featured in a story in the Popol Vuh, in which the Hero Twins Xbalanque and Hunahpu find themselves trapped in a cave full of bats, great beasts with "snouts like blades that they used as murderous weapons.
The story of the Hero Twins trapped in a bat cave doesn't appear anywhere else, not in the Maya codexes or illustrated on vases or stelae. But bats are sometimes labeled Ka'kh' Uti' sutz' "fire is the bat's speech" , and they do appear in Maya iconography in four roles: an emblem for some group; a messenger and paired with a bird; a fertility or pollination symbol, paired with a hummingbird; and as a "wahy being," a bestial form of a personified disease.
Zipacna or Sipac is a celestial crocodile warrior, considered a counterpart of the pan-Mesoamerican god Cipactli , the earth-monster, who had to be killed to create the earth.
Known mainly from the 16th-century highland account of the Popol Vuh, Zipacna also appears in oral traditions of rural towns in highland Maya regions.
According to the Popol Vuh, Zipacna was the maker of mountains, who spent his days looking for crabs and fishes to eat, and his nights lifting up the mountains.
One day he dragged an enormous pole to help out boys who were building a new house. The boys conspired to kill him, but Zipacna saved himself.
Interestingly enough, in spite of being the deity of rain, Chaac was believed to dwell not in the skies but deep within the caves and cenotes — signifying the sources of water.
In that regard, his Aztec Nahuatl counterpart is often perceived as Tlaloc — who was correlated with caves, springs, and mountains. In many ways, he was perceived as the essence or power residing within the crops like maize that allowed them to grow, ripen, and ultimately sustain the Maya people.
To that end, Yumil Kaxob was often also associated with the Maize God. In some narratives, he is also represented as the son or essence of Chaac — and the father-son duo works together to bring forth rain and crops for the agricultural folks.
So, in many ways, Yumil Kaxob was venerated as an aspect of the life force that resides within the flora. However, like the proverbial phoenix, Kaxob had the undefeatable power of rejuvenation, which after a passage of time made him rise from his death, thereby once again completing the natural cycle.
Things get a bit complicated when it comes to the mythical scope of the Mayan gods of death. As for Yum Cimil, the god, espousing the state of decay, was represented with his skeletal mask, protruding belly filled with rotting matter , body adorned with bones, and a neckless bedecked with eyeless sockets.
In some narratives, he rules over the nine levels of the underworld known as Mitnal , where he takes sadistic pleasure in extinguishing the very essence of souls by torturing them with fire and water.
And interestingly enough, while he is often represented with motifs of corn sometimes in form of a headdress , Yum Kaax is not to be confused with the Maize God or God E.
Rather the deity, as the name suggests, was probably venerated as the guardian of the forest and protector of wildlife — both flora and fauna. The ancient Maya had over Gods in their complex religion, each with clearly defined characteristics and purposes.
Itzamn, the big cheese overall and lord of the heavens as well as night and day, could be called upon in hard times or calamities.
Who says nice guys finish last? Itzamn was always benevolent. Although second in power, Chac was first in importance as the god of rain, and by association, the weather and fertility.
At times, the spirits required appeasement; at other times, they could be helpful. The Mayan idea of time was cyclical, cycles of creation and destruction, of seasons, of rituals and events, of life and death.
When Mayans died, it was believed they had moved on, not ended forever. Maize was of such central importance to the Mayans that the life-cycle of the maize plant is at the heart of their religion as is the Maize God himself.
All of Mayan life was intimately bound up in cycles, which tied in to the centrality of the Mayan calendars. Mayan priests closely tracked all the cycles important to Mayan life.
Priests kept the calendars, the solar cycle calendar with its days, the sacred calendar of days and the Long Count Calendar.
They also interpreted the cycles, looking for clues to the future and prophetic inspiration. Priests determined the days propitious for religious rituals and ceremonies.
The priests who kept track of cycles and calendars were expert mathematicians and astronomers. There were a lot of Mayan gods and goddesses in the pantheon, although some gods were the most powerful.
For instance, one of the most powerful Mayan gods was Chac who was the god of rain, thunder, fertility, and agriculture.
Further, there was the Mayan maize god called Yumil Kaxob who was equally important considering that maize was the staple grain of the Mayans.
Various kinds of sacrifice, including human sacrifice, were offered for all these gods. Priests had very important function in Mayan religion since they were considered intermediaries between Mayan gods and goddesses and the common people.
Religious festivals and rituals were performed by the priests who were often dressed as gods. The ritual of human sacrifice was also performed by Mayan priests.
Thus the central role of priests in Mayan religion raised their status which was more or less equal to that of the nobility.
Religious symbolism was quite important in Mayan religion just like the religions of other Mesoamerican civilisations.Ek was the god of war, human sacrifice, and violent death. Just like other Mesoamerican civilisations that came before and after them, the Mayans followed a polytheistic religion and therefore there Poker Grundeinsatz many gods and goddesses in Fricandeau pantheon. As we already know, the Maya pantheon had many forms of one god, so it is quite possible that Pawahtun was worshiped in two or more forms. His name means Lord of the Dead.